Royal Farewell

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The Royal Funeral of HRH the late Princess Galyani Vadhana, being held from November 14 to 19, promises to be one of the most spectacular of all state ceremonies, a tribute to a princess who has done so much for the country, especially in the fields of education, health care and welfare for those with disabilities. 

The entire sequence of observances that will make up the six-day ceremony begins on the evening of Friday, November 14, with religious rites in the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall. The actual Royal Cremation Ceremony will follow on the next day, November 15, when three processions will transfer the Royal Urn from the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall to the Royal Cremation Ground at Sanam Luang. On the following days, until November 19, three more processions will transfer part of the Royal Relics and Ashes to Phra Viman in the Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall and another part to Wat Ratchabophit Sathitmahasimaram.

Of the six-day ceremony, the events of November 15 will be most significant, as they will involve three main processions. The public will be able to see the spectacular sight of ancient grand funeral rites on a grand scale. The procession will be joined by about 3,000 officials clad in colourful, rarely-seen traditional uniforms and official uniforms as well as the intricately crafted Great Funeral Chariot (Phra Maha Pichai Ractharot), the Supreme Patriarch’s Carriage (Ratcharot Noi) and the golden palanquin with three poles (Phra Yannamas Sam Lamkhan). These golden vehicles, as well as traditional regalia and ancient funeral music, will imbue the area from the Grand Palace to Sanam Luang and its vicinity with an air of both the royal and the sacred.

Starting at 7am, the First Procession will convey the Royal Urn from the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall to Phra Yannamas Sam Lamkhan after His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn makes merit and performs religious rites before the Royal Urn. This will be a medium-sized procession divided into four lines, two each on the left and right.

Leading the procession will be a procession leader, followed by two bearers carrying jagged flags, two front markers, armed forces personnel in full dress uniforms, drummers, master pipers, master drummers, buglers, Siamese buglers, conch shell blowers, superintendents of the drums and superintendents of buglers. Then will follow commanders of the Tiered Gold-embroidered Umbrella for the leading monk (normally His Holiness the Supreme Patriarch), bearers of the Supreme Patriarch’s tiered Gold-embroidered Umbrella and Ceremonial Regalia, then Somdet Phra Buddhajan of Wat Sa Ket, seated on Saliang Kleebbua, a palanquin with two carrying poles, reading the Abhidharma. The palanquin will be carried by 16 bearers, supervised by a commander and two supervisors.

Walking on either sides of the palanquin will be high-ranking officials from the Ministry of Culture, the Office of the National Buddhism, and traditionally-dressed Indras and Brahmas carrying the Lesser Embroidered Royal Insignia of Rank Sunshades, with four supervisors at four corners of the palanquin carrying the Ceremonial Swords (Phra Saeng Lai Tin Tong). Behind the palanquin will be bearers of the trailing Regalia of the Supreme Patriarch.

Ahead of Phra Yannamas Sam Lamkhan, a golden palanquin with three poles, which carries the Royal Urn, will be bearers of the leading Embroidered Royal Insignia of Rank and their supervisors. In the middle will be a supervisor and bearers of the Ceremonial Sword (Phra Saeng Wang Khruang).

Following will be the chairman of the Committee for Organising the Royal Cremation Ceremony (the Prime Minister), Lord Chamberlain, senior officials involved in organising the processions including the Army and a processional signaller. They will be accompanied by royal constables and royal pages on both sides.

Leading the palanquin with three carrying poles will be a Royal Aide-de-Camp carrying the Standard of the Royal Princess trailed by a supervisor, commanders of the palanquin and commanders of the palanquin bearers. The palanquin carried by 60 bearers will be flanked by traditionally-dressed officials holding silver and golden floral offerings, more Royal Aides-de-Camps and permanent secretaries from various ministries. Behind the palanquin will be groups of officials carrying tiered Embroidered Royal Insignia of Rank Umbrellas Ranks, Ceremonial Swords (Phra Saeng Wang Kruang), and male royal relatives including the late Princess’s nephew, Capt Jithas Sornsongkram, carrying her royal regalia and decorations.

At the end of this part of the procession will be the Naliwan, or Brahmin priests, and two rear-markers, followed by two Royal Constables.

An Aide-de-Camp will carry the Crown Prince’s Standard flag ahead as His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn and Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn will follow the palanquin carrying the Royal Urn. Following the Princess will be HRH the late Princess Galyani Vadhana’s daughter, Thanpuying Tassanawalai Sornsongkram.

Besides the Crown Prince will be Royal Aides-de-Camp and behind will be royal pages carrying the Crown Prince’s Regalia.

Followed behind the late Princess’s daughter will be HRH Princess Sirindhorn’s ladies-in-waiting, the Grand Chamberlain and Her Royal Highness’s Guard.

At the end of procession will be royal relatives, royal pages and ladies-in-waiting from Le Dis Palace, members of foundations and associations under the Royal Patronage of the late Princess and royal attendants.

Traditional music befitting the occasion will be played continuously once the Royal Urn transfers from the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall.

The procession will move from Sri Sunthorn Gate, Dhevapirom Gate, Maha Rat Road, then along Tai Wang and Sanam Chai roads.

Once the first procession moves to an area in front of Wat Phra Chetuphon (Wat Bodi), it will merge with 10 royal honour guard battalions. It is at this point that the Royal Urn will be moved from the three-poled palanquin to the Great Funeral Chariot (Phra Maha Phichai Ratcharot) using the kroen, or traditional ramp. The high-ranking monk will move from the two-poled palanquin to the Supreme Patriarch’s Carriage

The two-kilometre-long Second Procession will then move to Sanam Luang through Sanam Chai and Ratchadamnoen Nai roads.

The procession will be comprised of the following components, in corresponding order, preceding the Great Funeral Chariot:

  • Two cavalry policemen.
  • An 84-man Army Marching Band, playing the funeral dirge Phyasok, composed by His Royal Highness the late Prince Paribatra Sukhumbhandhu, Prince of Nakhon Sawan.
  • One battalion each from the 1st and 11th Infantry Regiments of the King’s Own Bodyguard, and of Army, Navy and Air Force cadets, the King’s Guard.
  • The first procession will merge and follow after the Royal Honour Guard, so that spectators will see corteges of the Supreme Patriarch’s Royal Regalia and Royal Weapons, followed by the Supreme Patriarch’s carriage carrying the high-ranking monk, drawn by 74 pullers.
  • Nearly 200 more members of the armed forces in full dress uniform and 80 more drummers will join the procession, which will be accompanied by conch shell blowers, buglers and Siamese buglers.
  • Corteges of HRH the late Princess Galyani Vadhana’s Royal Regalia and Royal Weapons, followed by the Great Funeral Chariot carrying the Royal Urn.
  • The Crown Prince, Princess Sirindhorn and Thanpuying Tassanawalai will walk behind the Great Funeral Chariot preceded by royal relatives, royal pages, members of foundations and associations under the late Princess patronage and royal attendants.
  • After the merging procession are students from Chulalongkorn, Thammasat and Kasetsart universities, Rachini School, Vajiravudh College, Rachawinit Mattayom School, King’s College and the Chitralada School.
  • At the rear part of the procession will be another 84-man marching band and five battalions of the King’s Guard from the armed forces. When the main procession approaches the Royal Cremation Ground, it will halt at the northern gateway. The Royal Urn will be lowered from the Great Funeral Chariot onto the three-poled palanquin by a ramp.

Tamruat Luang Khuhae
Royal constables (20)

Brahma Choen Phum Mai Thong
Bearers of the gold and silver floral offerings (8).

Indra Choen Phum Mai Ngoen
Bearers of the silver floral offerings (8).

Brahma Choen
Jamorn (8)
Bearers of the lesser sunshade

Indra Choen
Jamorn (8)
Bearers of the lesser sunshade

 

 

Mahad Lek Choen Phra Saeng Wang Khruang Na and Lang
Leading and Trailing bearers of the Royal Ceremonial Sword (10). This uniform is also worn by supervisors of the leading and trailing Royal Ceremonial Sword bearers (2), royal pages (20), and leading and trailing bearers of Lai Tin Tong Royal Ceremonial Sword at the Supreme Patriarch’s Carriage (4) and at the Great Funeral Chariot (4).

   Pusamala Prakong Phra Kosa
Attendants of the Royal Urn (2). Uniform also worn by bearer of the leading monk‘s Sunshade (1), bearer of the Gold Brocade Tiered Umbrella (1), bearer of the Royal Long handled Fan (2), bearer of the Royal Parasol for the Royal Urn (2), bearer of the Gold Embroidered Sunshade (2), driver holding peacock’s feather seated on the Supreme Patriarch’s Carriage (1) and on the Great Funeral Chariot (1)

 

 

 

Phu Bok Kabuan
The processional signaler (1). His signals guide the movement of the Great Funeral Chariot.

Driver
of the Supreme Patriarch’s Carriage (2), and driver of the Great Funeral Chariot (2).

Pratu Na
Front markers (2). This uniform is also worn by Pratu Lang, Rear markers (2).

Nam Riew
Procession leader (1).

Thong Sam Chai
Jagged Flag bearers (4).

 

   Sarawat Klong, Sarawat Trae
Superintendents of drums (4), superintendents of brass instruments (2). Uniform also worn by supervisors of the leading Tiered Gold-embroidered Umbrella for the Supreme Patriarch (2), commanders of the leading and trailing Embroidered Royal Insignia of Rank (4), supervisors of the trailing Embroidered Royal Insignia Umbrella (2), commanders (2) and supervisors (2) of the Supreme Patriarch’s Carriage pullers, and commanders (2) and supervisors (2) of the Great Funeral Chariot pullers. This uniform also worn by Sanom Chern Pad Yos Phra Nam, Bearer of the Supreme Patriarch’s Ceremonial Regalia (1).
   Chat Khruang Sueng Thong Phae
Luat Phra Nam
Bearers of the leading Tiered Gold-embroidered Umbrella for the leading monk (12). Uniform also worn by bearers of the trailing Tiered Gold-embroidered Regalia of the leading monk (8), bearers of the leading Embroidered Royal Insignia of Rank (38) and bearers of trailing Embroidered Umbrella with Royal Insignia for the Palanquin (38).

 

Cha Pi, Cha Klong
Master piper (2), master drummer (2).

Trae Farang, Trae Ngon and Sang
Buglers (20), Siamese bugle players (28), and conch shell blowers (4).

Klong Chana Daeng Lai Thong, Klong Chana Ngoen, Klong Chana Thong
Victory drummers (200). Uniform also worn by pullers of the Great Funeral Chariot (216) and Supreme Patriarch’s carriage (74), as well as pullers of the Kroen, the traditional ramp (8).

                                                                                                       

The rear of the procession will be brought up by the Military Marching Band (84); followed by the 1st Cavalry Battalion, King’s Guard; 1st Field Artillery Battalion King’s Guard; 1st Engineer Battalion, the King’s Guard; 1st Infantry Battalion, Royal Guard, 1st Infantry Regiment, Marine Division, RTMC; and the 1st Royal Thai Air Force Security Battalion, RTAF Security Force Regiment, the King’s Guard, RTAF Security Force Command, Air Combat Command. Each battalion has 166 men. 

 

 The procession will be led by cavalry policemen (2); Military Marching Band (84); Joint commanders of the Military Guards of Honour (10); (from right), 2nd Infantry Battalion; the 1st Infantry Regiment, the King’s Own Bodyguard; 2nd Battalion; the 11th Infantry Regiment, the King’s Guard; 1st Cadet Battalion, the Cadet Regiment King’s Guard; Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy; Naval Cadet Battalion, Naval Cadet Regiment, the King’s Guard; Royal Thai Naval Academy, and RTAF Cadet Battalion, RTAF Cadet Regiment, the Royal Guard, Royal Thai Air Force Academy. Each battalion consists of 166 men. 

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